This page chronicles the sponsorship history of the Monaco Enterprises product or corporation through the racing sphere.

Below, you will find a table that allows you to browse through the history of this particular sponsor. By default, the twenty most recent races where this company/product has been a sponsor will appear. By clicking "see further results", you can browse further back in time.

This is a beta-level tool on our site, so please report any bugs or suggestions to the site administration team. This tool is a work in progress, so do not be surprised it if looks a bit different on a subsequent visit. Enjoy!

Date Series Driver - Car and Finishing Position
19 October 2003 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises, Jerry Springer Chevrolet (finish: 10)
5 October 2003 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises, Jerry Springer Chevrolet (finish: 4)
20 September 2003 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises, Jerry Springer Chevrolet (finish: 6)
30 August 2003 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises, Jerry Springer Chevrolet (finish: 15)
16 August 2003 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 8)
26 July 2003 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises, Jerry Springer Chevrolet (finish: 2)
28 June 2003 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises, Jerry Springer Chevrolet (finish: 14)
31 May 2003 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises, Jerry Springer Chevrolet (finish: 19)
26 April 2003 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises, Jerry Springer Chevrolet (finish: 3)
12 April 2003 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises, Jerry Springer Chevrolet (finish: 15)
2 February 2003 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises, Penske Shocks, USAF Chevrolet (finish: 6)
12 October 2002 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 10)
21 September 2002 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 7)
31 August 2002 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 2)
17 August 2002 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 5)
27 July 2002 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 3)
29 June 2002 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 8)
1 June 2002 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 9)
27 April 2002 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 2)
13 April 2002 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 7)
2 February 2002 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 6)
10 November 2001 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 26)
13 October 2001 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 12)
1 September 2001 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 2)
21 July 2001 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 11)
14 July 2001 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 7)
30 June 2001 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 15)
2 June 2001 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 24)
20 May 2001 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 20)
12 May 2001 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 4)
28 April 2001 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 7)
18 March 2001 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 26)
10 March 2001 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 22)
28 February 2001 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 5)
4 February 2001 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 5)
11 November 2000 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 13)
22 October 2000 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 7)
4 September 2000 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 16)
19 August 2000 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 12)
4 July 2000 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 12)
24 June 2000 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 4)
21 May 2000 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 2)
29 April 2000 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 5)
22 April 2000 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 13)
25 March 2000 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 22)
18 March 2000 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 1)
25 September 1999 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 1)
21 August 1999 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 2)
14 August 1999 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 5)
18 July 1999 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 1)
19 June 1999 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 9)
30 May 1999 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 17)
16 May 1999 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 26)
1 May 1999 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 23)
27 March 1999 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 26)
5 March 1999 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 10)
17 January 1999 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 13)
7 November 1998 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 11)
17 October 1998 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 4)
11 October 1998 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 4)
15 August 1998 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 5)
18 July 1998 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 25)
10 July 1998 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 9)
14 June 1998 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 14)
4 June 1998 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 10)
24 May 1998 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 6)
17 May 1998 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 2)
2 May 1998 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 11)
18 April 1998 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 7)
25 February 1998 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 30)
11 January 1998 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 8)
8 November 1997 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 9)
11 October 1997 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 10)
5 October 1997 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 14)
31 August 1997 NASCAR REB-CO Northwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises (finish: 21)
27 July 1997 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 5)
5 July 1997 NASCAR Winston West Series Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 17)
24 May 1997 NASCAR Featherlite Southwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 28)
17 May 1997 NASCAR Featherlite Southwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 11)
3 May 1997 NASCAR Featherlite Southwest Tour Kevin Richards - #35 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 7)
26 April 1997 NASCAR REB-CO Northwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 24)
29 March 1997 NASCAR REB-CO Northwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 34)
15 March 1997 NASCAR Featherlite Southwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 9)
2 February 1997 NASCAR Featherlite Southwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 30)
5 January 1997 NASCAR Featherlite Southwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 18)
1 September 1996 NASCAR REB-CO Northwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 13)
16 August 1996 NASCAR REB-CO Northwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 8)
10 August 1996 NASCAR REB-CO Northwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 4)
28 July 1996 NASCAR REB-CO Northwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 15)
13 July 1996 NASCAR REB-CO Northwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 19)
6 July 1996 NASCAR REB-CO Northwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 13)
22 June 1996 NASCAR REB-CO Northwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 33)
15 June 1996 NASCAR REB-CO Northwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 19)
18 May 1996 NASCAR REB-CO Northwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 11)
27 April 1996 NASCAR REB-CO Northwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 9)
20 April 1996 NASCAR REB-CO Northwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 16)
13 April 1996 NASCAR REB-CO Northwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 20)
30 March 1996 NASCAR REB-CO Northwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 8)
27 October 1995 NASCAR Featherlite Southwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 5)
3 September 1995 NASCAR REB-CO Northwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 7)
18 August 1995 NASCAR REB-CO Northwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 7)
30 July 1995 NASCAR REB-CO Northwest Tour Kevin Richards - #85 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 11)
13 August 1994 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 18)
31 July 1994 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 27)
23 July 1994 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 5)
16 July 1994 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 16)
25 June 1994 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 7)
18 June 1994 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 9)
28 May 1994 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 14)
21 May 1994 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 16)
7 May 1994 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 6)
30 April 1994 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 7)
23 April 1994 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 1)
23 April 1994 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 17)
26 March 1994 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 5)
6 February 1994 NASCAR Featherlite Southwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 34)
25 September 1993 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 4)
18 September 1993 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 7)
4 September 1993 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 5)
28 August 1993 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 5)
14 August 1993 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 1)
31 July 1993 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 3)
25 July 1993 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 2)
10 July 1993 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 6)
26 June 1993 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 8)
19 June 1993 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 1)
5 June 1993 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 2)
29 May 1993 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 4)
22 May 1993 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 2)
8 May 1993 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 7)
17 April 1993 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 2)
27 March 1993 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 2)
31 October 1992 NASCAR Featherlite Southwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #98 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 5)
6 September 1992 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 7)
29 August 1992 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 4)
15 August 1992 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 1)
8 August 1992 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 1)
25 July 1992 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 7)
18 July 1992 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 11)
11 July 1992 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 25)
27 June 1992 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 14)
20 June 1992 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Rick Schultz - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 25)
13 June 1992 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 2)
30 May 1992 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 7)
23 May 1992 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 3)
9 May 1992 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 3)
2 May 1992 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 5)
25 April 1992 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 3)
18 April 1992 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 13)
28 March 1992 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 5)
1 September 1991 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 6)
10 August 1991 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 17)
13 July 1991 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 11)
1 June 1991 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 18)
27 April 1991 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 19)
20 April 1991 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 18)
30 March 1991 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #99 Monaco Enterprises Chevrolet (finish: 32)
7 September 1987 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 1)
29 August 1987 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 1)
22 August 1987 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 11)
16 August 1987 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 20)
8 August 1987 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 5)
1 August 1987 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 1)
17 July 1987 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 17)
11 July 1987 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 5)
28 June 1987 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 4)
13 June 1987 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 20)
23 May 1987 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 6)
17 May 1987 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 6)
16 May 1987 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 5)
4 April 1987 NASCAR Winston Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 26)
1 September 1986 NASCAR Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 25)
16 August 1986 NASCAR Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 30)
29 June 1986 NASCAR Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 11)
7 June 1986 NASCAR Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 20)
15 September 1985 NASCAR Northwest Tour Ron Eaton - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 17)
31 August 1985 NASCAR Northwest Tour Ron Eaton - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 2)
24 August 1985 NASCAR Northwest Tour Kirk Rogers - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 11)
17 August 1985 NASCAR Northwest Tour Ron Eaton - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 21)
26 May 1985 NASCAR Northwest Tour Ron Eaton - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 3)
25 May 1985 NASCAR Northwest Tour Ron Eaton - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 3)
19 May 1985 NASCAR Northwest Tour Ron Eaton - #14 Monaco Enterprises Pontiac (finish: 8)